McKinsey & Company recently published How Big Data Can Improve Manufacturing which provides insightful analysis of how big data and advanced analytics can streamline biopharmaceutical, chemical and discrete manufacturing.
The article highlights how manufacturers in process-based industries are using advanced analytics to increase yields and reduce costs. Manufacturers have an abundance of operational and shop floor data that is being used for tracking today. The McKinsey article shows through several examples how big data and advanced analytics applications and platforms can deliver operational insights as well.
The following graphic from the article illustrates how big data and advanced analytics are streamlining manufacturing value chains by finding the core determinants of process performance, and then taking action to continually improve them:
Big Data’s Impact on Manufacturing Is Growing
In addition to the examples provided in the McKinsey article, there are ten ways big data is revolutionizing manufacturing:
- Increasing the accuracy, quality and yield of biopharmaceutical production. It is common in biopharmaceutical production flows to monitor more than 200 variables to ensure the purity of the ingredients as well as the substances being made stay in compliance. One of the many factors that makes biopharmaceutical production so challenging is that yields can vary from 50 to 100% for no immediately discernible reason. Using advanced analytics, a manufacturer was able to track the nine parameters that most explained yield variation. Based on this insight they were able to increase the vaccine’s yield by 50%, worth between $5M to $10M in yearly savings for the single vaccine alone.
- Accelerating the integration of IT, manufacturing and operational systems making the vision of Industrie 4.0 a reality. Industrie 4.0 is a German government initiative that promotes automation of the manufacturing industry with the goal of developing Smart Factories. Big data is already being used for optimizing production schedules based on supplier, customer, machine availability and cost constraints. Manufacturing value chains in highly regulated industries that rely on German suppliers and manufacturers are making rapid strides with Industrie 4.0 today. As this initiative serves as a catalyst to galvanize diverse multifunctional departments together, big data and advanced analytics will become critical to its success.
- Better forecasts of product demand and production (46%), understanding plant performance across multiple metrics (45%) and providing service and support to customers faster (39%) are the top three areas big data can improve manufacturing performance. These findings are from a recent survey LNS Research and MESA International completed to see where big data is delivering the greatest manufacturing performance improvements today. You can find the original blog post here.
- Integrating advanced analytics across the Six Sigma DMAIC (Define, Measure, Analyze, Improve and Control) framework to fuel continuous improvement. Getting greater insights into how each phase of a DMAIC-driven improvement program is working, and how the efforts made impact all other areas of manufacturing performance is nascent today. This area shows great potential to make production workflows more customer-driven than ever before.
- Greater visibility into supplier quality levels, and greater accuracy in predicting supplier performance over time. Using big data and advanced analytics, manufacturers are able to view product quality and delivery accuracy in real-time, making trade-offs on which suppliers receive the most time-sensitive orders. Managing to quality metrics becomes the priority over measuring delivery schedule performance alone.
- Measuring compliance and traceability to the machine level becomes possible. Using sensors on all machinery in a production center provides operations managers with immediate visibility into how each is operating. Having advanced analytics can also show quality, performance and training variances by each machine and its operators. This is invaluable in streamlining workflows in a production center, and is becoming increasingly commonplace.
- Selling only the most profitable customized or build-to-order configurations of products that impact production the least. For many complex manufacturers, customized or build-to-order products deliver higher-than-average gross margins yet also costs exponentially more if production processes aren’t well planned. Using advanced analytics, manufacturers are discovering which of the myriad of build-to-order configurations they can sell with the most minimal impact to existing production schedules to the machine scheduling, staffing and shop floor level.
- Breaking quality management and compliance systems out of their silos and making them a corporate priority. It’s time for more manufacturers to take a more strategic view of quality and quit being satisfied with standalone, siloed quality management and compliance systems. The McKinsey article and articles listed at the end of this post provide many examples of how big data and analytics are providing insights into which parameters matter most to quality management and compliance. The majority of these parameters are corporate-wide, not just limited to quality management or compliance departments alone.
- Quantify how daily production impacts financial performance with visibility to the machine level. Big data and advanced analytics are delivering the missing link that can unify daily production activity to the financial performance of a manufacturer. Being able to know to the machine level if the factory floor is running efficiently, production planners and senior management know how best to scale operations. By having unifying daily production to financial metrics, manufacturers have a greater chance of profitably scaling their operations.
- Service becomes strategic and a contributor to customers’ goals by monitoring products and proactively providing preventative maintenance recommendations. Manufacturers are starting to look at the more complex products they produce as needing an operating system to manage the sensors onboard. These sensors report back activity and can send alerts for preventative maintenance. Big data and analytics will make the level of recommendations contextual for the first time so customers can get greater value. General Electric is doing this today with its jet engines and drilling platforms for example.
Additional sources of information on Big Data in Manufacturing:
- Attitudes on How Big Data will Affect Manufacturing Performance. Posted by Greg Goodwin on Thu, Mar 06, 2014. LNS Research. http://blog.lnsresearch.com/blog/bid/194972/Attitudes-on-How-Big-Data-will-Affect-Manufacturing-Performance-DATA From Value to Vision: Reimagining the Possible with Data Analytics, David Kiron, Renee Boucher Ferguson and Pamela Kirk Prentice, MIT Sloan Management Review, March 2013. http://sloanreview.mit.edu/reports/analytics-innovation/introduction/
- Merck Optimizes Manufacturing With Big Data Analytics, Information Week, Doug Henschen. April 2, 2014. http://www.informationweek.com/strategic-cio/executive-insights-and-innovation/merck-optimizes-manufacturing-with-big-data-analytics/d/d-id/1127901
- Takeaways from the MIT/Accenture Big Data in Manufacturing Conference. Posted by Greg Goodwin on Wed, Nov 27, 2013. http://blog.lnsresearch.com/blog/bid/190482/Takeaways-from-the-MIT-Accenture-Big-Data-in-Manufacturing-Conference
- The Internet of Things and the future of manufacturing. McKinsey and Company. Executives at Robert Bosch and McKinsey experts discuss the technology-driven changes that promise to trigger a new industrial revolution. June 2013 | by Markus Löffler and Andreas Tschiesner. http://www.mckinsey.com/insights/business_technology/the_internet_of_things_and_the_future_of_manufacturing
- The Rise of Industrial Big Data: Leveraging large time-series data sets to drive innovation, competitiveness and growth — capitalizing on the big data opportunity, GE Intelligent Platforms White Paper, April 2012. http://www.ge-ip.com/library/detail/13170
- When Big Data Meets Manufacturing. Stephen Chick, Serguei Netessine, INSEAD Professors of Technology and Operations Management and Arnd Huchzermeier, Chaired Professor of Production Management at WHU-Otto Beisheim School of Management | April 16, 2014. http://knowledge.insead.edu/operations-management/when-big-data-meets-manufacturing-3297